DyNetx Tutorial

DyNetx is built upon networkx and is designed to configure, model and analyze dynamic networks.

In this tutorial we will introduce the DynGraph object that can be used to describe undirected, temporal graphs.

Creating a graph

Create an empty dynamic graph with no nodes and no edges.

import dynetx as dn
g = dn.DynGraph(edge_removal=True)

During the construction phase the edge_removal parameter allows to specify if the dynamic graph will allow edge removal or not.


G can be grown by adding one interaction at a time. Every interaction is univocally defined by its endpoints, u and v, as well as its timestamp t.

g.add_interaction(u=1, v=2, t=0)

Moreover, also interaction duration can be specified at creation time:

g.add_interaction(u=1, v=2, t=0, e=3)

In the above example the interaction (1, 2) appear at time 0 and vanish at time 3, thus being present in [0, 2].

Interaction list can also be added: in such scenario all the interactions in the list will have a same timestamp (i.e. they will belong to a same network snapshot)

g.add_interactions_from([(1, 2), (2, 3), (3, 1)], t=2)

The same method can be used to add any ebunch of interaction. An ebunch is any iterable container of interaction-tuples.

g.add_interactions_from(H.edges(), t=2)


Flattened node degree can be computed via the usual degree method exposed by networkx graph objects. In order to get the time dependent degree a parameter t, identifying the desired snapshot, must be specified.

Similarly, the neighbors method has been extended with a similar optional filtering parameter t.

Read graph from file

DyNetx allows to read/write networks from files in two formats:

  • snapshot graph (extended edgelist)
  • interaction graph (extended edgelist)

The former format describes the dynamic graph one edge per row as a 3-tuple

n1 n2 t1


  • n1 and n2 are nodes
  • t1 is the timestamp of interaction appearance

The latter format describes the dynamic graph one interaction per row as a 4-tuple

n1 n2 op t1


  • n1 and n2 are nodes
  • t1 is the timestamp of interaction appearance
  • op identify either the insertion, +, or deletion, - of the edge

Snapshot Graph

In order to read a snapshot graph file

g = dn.read_snapshots(graph_filename, nodetype=int, timestamptype=int)

in order to save a graph in the same format

dn.write_snapshots(graph, graph_filename)

Interaction Graph

In order to read an interaction graph file

g = dn.read_interactions(graph_filename, nodetype=int, timestamptype=int)

in order to save a graph in the same format

dn.write_interactions(graph, graph_filename)

Snapshots and Interactions

The timestamps associated to graph edges can be retrieved through


Similarly, the number of interactions in a given snapshot can be obtained via


if the parameter t is not specified a dictionary snapshot->edges number will be returned.

Slicing a Dynamic Network

Once loaded a graph it is possible to extract from it a time slice, i.e., a time-span graph

s = g.time_slice(t_from=2, t_to=3)

the resulting DynGraph stored in s will be composed by nodes and interactions existing within the time span [2, 3].

Obtain the Interaction Stream

A dynamic network can be also described as stream of interactions, a chronologically ordered list of interactions

for e in g.stream_interactions():
        print e

the stream_interactions method returns a generator that streams the interactions in g, where e is a 4-tuple (u, v, op, t)

  • u, v are nodes
  • op is a edge creation or deletion event (respectively +, -)
  • t is the interactions timestamp